LBSCR

Drawings of LB&SCR Buildings

Last updated 8 December 2006

Buildings

The aim of this page is to list known published drawings of LBSCR buildings, with annotations, and to briefly review books discussing LBSCR architecture. No attempt has been made to catalogue drawings that can only be obtained from archive sources. The publications covered are indicated by author and abbreviated title in the tables, and are listed fully in the Bibliography.

Web sites listing Southern Railway drawings by Mike Watts and Mick Field were of considerable value in listing magazine sources; Dave Searle helped in checking some of those references and advising on editorial matters. A few references still had to be marked "not seen" and they were all from the aforementioned SR drawing list (some of these may be of structures built after 1923). Thanks are also due to Mike Watts, Nick Holliday and Edward Hart for the provision of additional information, and several other members of the Brighton Circle who commented on earlier drafts.

Drawings

Most of the drawings listed here appear to have been made after the building was constructed. Even original drawings must be compared to photographs to check what changes were made, e.g. the drawings of Cocking Station in Off the Rails show the "gents" at the wrong end of the building! Many are "modeller's drawings", e.g. Derek Bidwell's drawings in Modelling Historic Architecture consist of a plan with horizontal dimensions, plus elevations with counts of brick courses to indicate vertical dimensions. Similarly, drawings at 2mm=1ft scale in Vivien Thompson's Period Railway Modelling Buildings were based on a combination of field measurements and careful study of photographs. The substantial collection of drawings of Wealden style buildings in Alan Elliott's The Cuckoo Line are also to this convenient scale. Two web sites offer drawings of LBSCR interest for sale, namely Derek Bidwell and XlistPlans ."

Background

There is no work specifically on the stations of the LBSCR. However, John Hoare's Sussex Railway Architecture discusses each period of development of the railway in Sussex and provides a classification of the stations, most of which were originally LBSCR. An important photographic survey was carried out by Nigel Wikely and John Middleton in Railway Stations, Southern Region, and it gives examples on a line by line basis with dates of station opening. By far the most comprehensive photographic survey is the series of books by Vic Mitchell and Keith Smith (see Bibliography). There is also a database of published station photographs.

Many of the early main line stations were designed by David Mocatta and a brief account of his work was provided by Gordon Biddle in Victorian Stations. He credits Mocatta with producing the first unit designs for a railway, i.e. many stations could be built as variants of a single design. Gordon Buck's Pictorial Survey of Railway Stations includes a chapter on the LBSCR in which he summarises the major "families" of designs that were common to several stations and includes photographs of many examples, e.g. the stock design (Hoare's group 5b) used at Ockley & Capel (1867) on the Dorking-Horsham line, and similarly at Buxted (1868) on the Oxted-Uckfield line. The Wealden style buildings provide the best example amongst the available drawings. They were designed by the architect Terence H. Myers and usually built by James Longley of Crawley, and were initially half-timbered. However, by about 1900 most had their upper story clad in hanging tiles to prevent damp penetration, e.g. those on the Bluebell Railway. The underlying basic design was easily modified to fit each platform layout, e.g. the single story booking hall could be left or right of the two story house section, and the "gents" at left or right ends, and at larger stations a refreshment room was inserted. Modellers not wishing to build to a single prototype can study a range of stations built to a single basic style, and apply the same system of modifications to suit their station, knowing that they are simply following tradition!

Livery

The livery applied to LBSCR stations is largely unknown. After about 1895, borders and structural frames, stanchion posts, and doors, were said to be dark red-brown or maroon, with wooden walls and window frames white/pale (Peter Wisdom, The Brighton Circular, 19: 41); Sheffield Park Station on the Bluebell Railway is painted in this scheme. Photographs taken in the 1880s indicate that earlier, wooden walls, including their framing, doors and stanchion posts were all pale coloured, and window frames were white. The only application of a dark colour appears to have been to framing and guttering above canopy valances, and the exposed half-timbering of Wealden-style stations. It has been suggested that the pale colour may have been buff, and it is possible that frames were a darker shade of similar colour; the very dark colour used on gutters and half-timbering is also unknown but may have been similar to that used in later years (dark red-brown or maroon).

Table 1. Station Main Buildings

This list is arranged according to the classification of Sussex Stations (John Hoare's Sussex Railway Architecture); non-Sussex stations have been allocated to the same categories by the author. Where possible, dates are those of the building rather than the station, which may have had an earlier origin. Where a building is known or presumed to date from station opening, the date was usually taken from History of the Southern Railway (Dendy Marshall & Kidner).

Style Station Year Publication Comments
1. L&B 1840-46 Hove 1840 Hoare, Sussex Railway Architecture: 13 Rail elevation only; half-tone copy of original drawings
1. L&B 1840-46 Hove 1840 Mitchell & Smith, Brighton - Worthing: follows pl.22 Rail elevation plus plan; half-tone copy of original drawings
1. L&B 1840-46 Chichester 1847 Thompson, Period Railway Modelling: 67-69 Rail, road and one end elevation, plus extension elevations
4b. Early roadside 1846-60 Hailsham 1849 Elliott, Cuckoo Line: 142 Rail and end elevations; drawn before major modifications
5b. Stock designs 1860-80 but modified Belmont 1865 Reeve & Hawkins, Branch Lines of SR, vol. 2: Forecourt, north and south elevations
5b. Stock designs 1860-80 ? but modified Banstead 1865 Reeve & Hawkins, Branch Lines of SR, vol. 2: Road & rail elevations; plan.
5b. Stock designs 1860-80 but modified Epsom Downs 1865 Reeve & Hawkins, Branch Lines of SR, vol. 2: Platform and fourcourt elevations, plus plan
5b. Stock designs 1860-80 Lingfield 1884 Bidwell, Historic Architecture: 64-65 All elevations + plan
5b. Stock designs 1860-80 Groombridge 1889 Elliott, Cuckoo Line: 159-160 All elevations plus plan
5c. Stock designs 1860-80 East Grinstead 1866 Gould, Three Bridges to Tunbridge Wells: West and north elevations; plan
5c. Stock designs 1860-80 [but note "Wealden" timbering?] Eridge 1880 Elliott, Cuckoo Line: 157 Drawn before half-timbering removed; road and both end elevations, plus plan
5c. Stock designs 1860-80 Glynde 1874 Model Railways, Apr. 1978: 195-201 Platform, yard and east elevations; plan; canopy; staionmasters's house (platform, yard and side elevation)
5c. Stock designs 1860-80 ? Sutton 1882 Reeve & Hawkins, Branch Lines of SR, vol. 2: Road elevation
5d. Stock designs 1860-80 Slinfold 1865 Thompson, Period Railway Modelling: 58-59 All elevations plus plan
5d. Stock designs 1860-80 Slinfold 1865 Railway Modeller, Apr. 1969: 106-107 All elevations plus plan
5x. Period of the mid-Victorian designs but unique Hayling Island 1867 Reeve & Hawkins, Branch Lines of SR, vol. 1: Platform & section elevation, plus plan
6. Wealden 1879-83 Heathfield 1880 Elliott, Cuckoo Line: 149-151 Drawn post tile hanging; rail (end) plus front and rear elevations
6. Wealden 1879-83 Hellingly 1880 Elliott, Cuckoo Line: 146-147, 156 Drawn post tile hanging; all elevations plus pre and post 1905 floor plans
6. Wealden 1879-83 Mayfield 1880 Elliott, Cuckoo Line: 156 Drawn pre tile hanging; end elevation only
6. Wealden 1879-83 Rotherfield & Mark Cross 1880 Model Railway News, Mar. 1960: 86-91 All elevations plus plan
6. Wealden 1879-83 Rotherfield & Mark Cross 1880 Elliott, Cuckoo Line: 154-156 Drawn pre tile hanging; all elevations, plus plans
6. Wealden 1879-83 Waldron & Horam Rd. 1880 Elliott, Cuckoo Line: 148, 156 Drawn post tile hanging; road and end elevations, but notes Hellingly rail elevation similar
6. Wealden 1879-83 Cocking 1881 Gage et al., Off the Rails: 24 Rail and end elevations; very small copy of annotated original drawing
6. Wealden 1879-83 Lavant 1881 Clark, Chichester & Midhurst Railway Road elevation
6. Wealden 1879-83 Midhurst 1881 Mitchell & Smith, To Midhurst: 83-85 Drawn pre tile hanging; all elevations
6. Wealden 1879-83 Singleton 1881 Gage et al., Off the Rails: 42 Road elevation; very small copy of original drawing
6. Wealden 1879-83 Horsted Keynes 1882 Railway Modeller 2005 (9): 568 Platform and end elevations (as preserved)
6. Wealden 1879-83 Kingscote 1882 Railway Modeller 2005 (11): 712 Details of platform and end elevation
6. Wealden 1879-83 Newick & Chailey 1882 Welch, Rails to Sheffield Park: Drawn pre tile hanging; rail, road and one end elevation.
6. Wealden 1879-83 Newick & Chailey 1882 Marx, Lewes & East Grinstead: 57 Drawn pre tile hanging; rail, road and one end elevation (after Welch).
6. Wealden 1879-83 Sheffield Park 1882 Railway Modeller 2005 (7): 422 All elevations (as preserved)
7x. Period of the type 7 designs Havant 1889 Reeve & Hawkins, Branch Lines of SR, vol. 1: Forecourt & section elevations, plus plan
7x. Period of the type 7 designs East Southsea 1885 Robertson, Southsea Railway Road, platform and one end elevation
9. Brick stns 1895-1914 Purley Oaks 1899 Model Railway Constructor, Nov. 1960 Road elevation
9. Brick stns 1895-1914 Bognor 1902 Mitchell & Smith, Worthing-Chichester: adj. pl. 86 Part of road elevation; copy of original drawing
10. Timber (all dates) Petworth 1859 Thompson, Period Railway Modelling: 70-71 All elevations
10. Timber (all dates) Oxted 1884 Mitchell & Smith, East Grinstead: adj. pls. 4-5 Road and rail elevations; very small copy of post LBSCR drawing (road elevation rendered)
10. Timber (all dates) Fittleworth 1889 Thompson, Period Railway Modelling: 72 All elevations
10. Timber (all dates) Fittleworth 1889 British Railway Journal 1986 (14): Platform elevation; plan and section

Table 2 - Signal Boxes

This list is arranged according to the classification of Saxby and Farmer, and LBSCR boxes, proposed by the Signalling Study Group (The Signal Box, A Pictorial History); boxes not specifically mentioned in that work were allocated to each category by the author. Dates were derived from a range of works.

Style Station Year Publication Comments
S&F early general design plans 1856 Signal Study Group, Signal Box: 13 Front elevation
S&F 1b Groombridge 1866 Elliott, Cuckoo Line: 161 Front and both end elevations
S&F 2b/5 ? Chichester 1875 Thompson, Period Railway Modelling: 64 All elevations; drawing appears to be of type 5 but East box was 2b (1875)
S&F 5 Crawley 1877 Model Railway Constructor, Sept. 1964: 242 Front & side elevations and details
S&F 5 Drayton 1876 Pryer, A Pictorial Record of Southern Signals: 116 All elevations
S&F 5 East Grinstead 1883/4 Model Railways, Sept. 1986: 574-5 South Box, front and end elevation; 1950 condition
S&F 5 Eastbourne 1882 Thompson, Period Railway Modelling: 54 All elevations
S&F 5 Eridge 1880 Elliott, Cuckoo Line: 163 Front and end elevations
S&F 5 Groombridge Jct. 1880 Elliott, Cuckoo Line: 163 Front and end elevations
S&F 5 ? Glynde 1876 Model Railways, Apr. 1978: 195-201 Front and side elevations (prepared from photos)
S&F 5 Lingfield 1884 Bidwell, Historic Architecture: 61 Front and both end elevations + plan
S&F 5 general design plans   Signal Study Group, Signal Box: 86 Front elevation and plan; 3 designs
S&F 5 general design plans   Brighton Circular 1(1): 4 All elevations
LBSCR 1 Hailsham 1880 Elliott, Cuckoo Line: 145 All elevations of standard plans plus dimensions for this location
LBSCR 1 Hailsham 1880 Elliott, Cuckoo Line: 145 Platform box: All elevations of standard plans plus dimensions for this location
LBSCR 1 Heathfield 1880 Elliott, Cuckoo Line: 145 All elevations of standard plans plus dimensions for this location
LBSCR 1 Heathfield 1880 Elliott, Cuckoo Line: 145 Platform box: All elevations of standard plans plus dimensions for this location
LBSCR 1 Hellingly 1880 Elliott, Cuckoo Line: 145 All elevations of standard plans plus dimensions for this location
LBSCR 1 Hellingly 1880 Elliott, Cuckoo Line: 145 Platform box: All elevations of standard plans plus dimensions for this location
LBSCR 1 Mayfield 1880 Elliott, Cuckoo Line: 145 All elevations of standard plans plus dimensions for this location
LBSCR 1 Mayfield 1880 Elliott, Cuckoo Line: 145 Platform box: All elevations of standard plans plus dimensions for this location
LBSCR 1 Midhurst 1881 Mitchell & Smith, To Midhurst: 82 Front and both end elevations
LBSCR 1 Midhurst 1881 Mitchell & Smith, To Midhurst: 82 Platform box: Front and both end elevations
LBSCR 1 Rotherfield & Mark Cross 1880 Elliott, Cuckoo Line: 145 All elevations of standard plans plus dimensions for this location
LBSCR 1 Rotherfield & Mark Cross 1880 Elliott, Cuckoo Line: 145 Platform box: All elevations of standard plans plus dimensions for this location
LBSCR 1 Waldron & Horam Rd. 1880 Elliott, Cuckoo Line: 145 All elevations of standard plans plus dimensions for this location
LBSCR 1 Waldron & Horam Rd. 1880 Elliott, Cuckoo Line: 145 Platform box: All elevations of standard plans plus dimensions for this location
LBSCR 2a Bedhampton 1876/9? Pryer, A Pictorial Record of Southern Signals: 115 All elevations
LBSCR 2a Littlehampton 1886 Thompson, Period Railway Modelling: 75 All elevations
LBSCR 2b? Kingscote; ex Brighton upper goods yard 1882 Railway Modeller 2005 (11): 712 Front and end elevations
LBSCR 3b Birchden Jct.   Elliott, Cuckoo Line: 163 Front and end elevations
LBSCR 3b general design plan (brick)   Model Railway Constructor, Jan. 1964:  
LBSCR 3b general design plan (brick)   Signal Study Group, Signal Box: 178 Front and end elevations [for further sections of same drawings see HMRS 18(7):248]
LBSCR 3b general design plan (brick)   HMRS Journal, July 2004, 18 (7): 248 Front and end elevations, plus floor plan; also photos of Barnham box
LBSCR 3b general design plan (Timber)   Model Railway Constructor, May. 1964:  
LBSCR 3b general design plan   Signal Study Group, Signal Box: 178 Front and end elevations
[Article not seen; depends if original or rebuilt] Bognor Regis   said to be in - Railway Modeller Feb. 1994 - ref. incorrect not seen; likely to be SR replacement box

Table 3 - Other Buildings

This list includes other types of structure, including good sheds, platform buildings, loco sheds and water towers.

Structure Station Publication Comments
Bridge Langston Reeve & Hawkins, Branch Lines of SR, vol. 1: Side elevation plus plan
Buffer stop   Railway Modeller 1965 (Aug.) Not seen
Cottages Chichester Thompson, Period Railway Modelling: 65-66 All elevations plus plans
Crossing Keeper's hut Chichester Brighton Circular 2: 18 All elevations
Footbridge Belmont Reeve & Hawkins, Branch Lines of SR, vol. 2: Stair and over-track elevations
Footbridge Heathfield Elliott, Cuckoo Line: 149-151 Front and end elevations plus plan
Footbridge Newick & Chailey Welch, Rails to Sheffield Park: elevations and section
Footbridge Newick & Chailey Marx, Lewes & East Grinstead: 57 elevations and section (after Welch)
Goods shed Chichester Mitchell & Smith, Chichester-Portsmouth: adj. pls. 2-5 All elevations
Goods shed Eastbourne Railway Modeller, May 1973 Both ends, part of one side, plus office
Goods shed Eastbourne Thompson, Period Railway Modelling: 55 One end and part of a side elevation
Goods shed Edenbridge Town Model Railway Constructor, June 1959 Part side plus end elevations
Goods shed Hayling Island Reeve & Hawkins, Branch Lines of SR, vol. 1: Sectional side and end elevation
Goods shed Heathfield Elliott, Cuckoo Line: 153 One side and both end elevations, plus plan
Goods shed Lingfield Bidwell, Historic Architecture: 66 One main elevation (with details of other), one end elevation, plus plan
Goods shed Mayfield Elliott, Cuckoo Line: 153 One side and both end elevations, plus plan
Goods shed Rotherfield & Mark Cross Elliott, Cuckoo Line: 153 One side and both end elevations, plus plan
Goods store Isfield Brighton Circular 19: 62-63 Rail, road and one end elevation
Goods warehouse Groombridge Elliott, Cuckoo Line: 162 One side and end elevation with notes on others
Goods warehouse Hailsham Elliott, Cuckoo Line: 144 One end and a side elevation
Goods warehouse Littlehampton Thompson, Period Railway Modelling: 76 One end and a side elevation, plus parts of others
Lever Frame General diagram Brighton Circular 1 (5): 16 Side elevation
Loco shed Hailsham Elliott, Cuckoo Line: 144 One end and a side elevation
Loco shed Littlehampton Thompson, Period Railway Modelling: 77 Side and both end elevations, combined with water tank
Loco shed Midhurst Hawkins & Reeve, Historical Survey of Southern Sheds Side and end elevations
Loco shed Southsea Robertson, The Southsea Railway Railmotor shed
Loco shed St. Leonards, West Marina Thompson, Period Railway Modelling: 73-75 All elevations
Loco shed Three Bridges Model Railways, May 1985 not seen
Misc - flour shelter Hellingly Elliott, Cuckoo Line: 164 End elevation
Misc - blacksmith's shop & stable Groombridge Elliott, Cuckoo Line: 162 Front and both end elevations
Misc - Glynde Creameries Heathfield Elliott, Cuckoo Line: 164 One side and end elevation plus plan
Overhead electric gantry General diagrams Brighton Circular 2: 2, 7, 10 Elevations
Parcels store Chichester Thompson, Period Railway Modelling: 69 End elevation
Pargetting; floral Cocking Biddle, Victorian Stations: 180 Sketch
Platform bld. Arundel & Littlehampton Brighton Circular 2: 59 Front and side elevations
Platform bld. Chichester Thompson, Period Railway Modelling: 60-64 All elevations
Platform bld. Eridge Elliott, Cuckoo Line: 158 Plans of four buildings (two per platform canopy), plus an end and facing elevation of one building
Platform bld. Glynde Model Railways, Apr. 1978: 195-201 An elevation; plus porter's hut
Platform bld. Groombridge Elliott, Cuckoo Line: 161 Facing elevation of two buildings (one canopy) plus plans
Platform bld. Hailsham Elliott, Cuckoo Line: 143 Rail, rear and end elevations plus plan
Platform bld. Heathfield Elliott, Cuckoo Line: 152 Rail and one end elevation plus plan
Platform bld. Horsted Keynes Railway Modeller 2005 (9): 568 All elevations (as preserved)
Platform bld. Kingscote Railway Modeller 2005 (11): 712 Platform elevations (as preserved)
Platform bld. New Cross Brighton Circular supp. 24 Front and side elevations plus details
Platform bld. Sheffield Park Railway Modeller 2005 (7): 422 All elevations (as preserved)
Platform bld. Waldron & Horam Rd. Elliott, Cuckoo Line: 148 Rail and one end elevation plus plan
Point rod roller General diagram Brighton Circular 1 (5): 12 Side elevation
Running-in board Grange Road Mitchell & Smith, East Grinstead: adj. pls. 35 Drawing of station name board
Running-in board Grange Road Brighton Circular, 22: 40-41; 23: 88. Drawing of station name board plus discussion of name board style and colour
Running-in board Sheffield Park Railway Modeller 2005 (7): 422 Drawing (coloured) - appears to have mixed pre- and post 1900 styles
Slipway Langston Mitchell & Smith, Hayling: adj. pls 58-59 Elevation and plan of rail to boat slipway
Station valancing c.1900 "loping" style Biddle, Victorian Stations: 189 sketch
Station valancing East Grinstead - Lewes Line Stations Biddle, Victorian Stations: 115 sketch
Station valancing Rotherfield & Mark Cross Model Railway News, 1960 (Sept.) sketch; not seen
Station valancing Rotherfield & Mark Cross Model Railway News, 1962 (Feb.) sketch; not seen
Water crane Sheffield Park Brighton Circular supp. 26 Front and side elevations plus details
Water tank Heathfield Elliott, Cuckoo Line: 152 Rail and one end elevation plus plan; combined with a hoist
Water tank Littlehampton Thompson, Period Railway Modelling: 77 Part of loco shed
Works yard New Cross Gate Model Railway Constructor Jul./Oct. 1958 not seen

These tables are also available in Microsoft Excel format.

The author would be pleased to receive notification of additions and corrections to these lists.

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